Geography Curriculum



The Geography department at The Observatory School believes that the Geography curriculum should provide its pupils with knowledge and understanding, alongside an ever growing sense of wonderment about the natural and human aspects of the world. It aims to promote pupils interest in the diverse cultures and landscapes, whilst developing a fascination for the natural wonders, resources, and physical processes that exist within our planet. 

Geography is an investigative subject, and we believe that pupils should be curious to understand their place in it. They should develop deep-rooted respect for the people with whom they share their world, and develop a sense of pride for their local area. With this in mind, pupils learning will be focused around developing their spiritual, moral, social and cultural development. This is supported through our involvement in worldwide Erasmus projects, where pupils are provided with the opportunity to explore environments outside of their day-to-day experiences. 


The curriculum aims to deliver learning that is progressive and transferable to other aspects of the curriculum and in further education, as well as in later life. We aim to ensure that our pupils: 

  • Extend their local and world-wide locational knowledge, understanding that the globe has changed over millions of years 
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the physical and cultural differences of the seven continents, and the countries within them 
  • Understand how human and physical processes work together to change landscapes, environments and climate 
  • Are able to read and interpret maps, including ordnance surveys, topographic, satellite and aerial surveys
  • Engage in fieldwork to compare locations, geographical data and draw conclusions. 

Geography is planned and delivered across each Key Stage phase at The Observatory School. Due to the varying needs of the pupils, the teaching of some class groups is delivered following a primary model and Geography is woven into an overarching thematic based model of learning. For others who follow the secondary model of learning, Geography is delivered by subject teachers. 

Geography is also delivered through our Erasmus+ project. Pupils work face to face with students from other countries on joint projects. Some pupils also have the chance to visit the other students in their home countries. This gives them first-hand experience of other cultures and travel. 

Across the school, expectations are consistent. Teachers expect pupils to: 

  • Engage in topical discussion, and share their knowledge and opinions 
  • Produce high-quality work 
  • Take an active part in demonstrating progress over time, ensuring this is evident in workbooks 
  • Engage in dialogue with their teacher, both written and verbally regarding their learning and skills 

All teachers ensure they plan for progression by: 

  • Ensuring learning content is appropriate for the age, ability and aptitude of individual learners and learning styles 
  • Planning units of work that follow a sequential pattern
  • Ensuring learning activities are able to demonstrate and measure progress over time 
The Observatory’s Geography curriculum is planned to meet the guidelines within the National Curriculum. If pupils are keeping up with the curriculum, they are deemed to be making good or better progress. 

Our Erasmus+ project is measured through the European Commission and Termly reports are submitted. Pupils who have been involved in the project, especially those who have travelled to another country show great progress both in their social awareness and their knowledge of other countries. 

Progress is measured using the following methods: 

  • Consideration of individual learning against lesson objectives 
  • Verbal pupil-teacher dialogue throughout lessons, to identify and address misconceptions
  • Written pupil-teacher dialogue to allow pupils to reflect on prior learning, and improve their work 
  • Termly teacher assessments, considering progress made over time, in line with individual flight paths. 

Geography Curriculum 2020_2021